Breaking from DeSmogBlog

DeSmogBlog today released a comprehensive report on the dangers posed by hydraulic fracturing to public drinking water, land and our health. Based on the findings of the report and recent events, DeSmogBlog is calling for a national moratorium on fracking until further independent research demonstrates that the process does not contaminate drinking water, pollute land or impact the global climate.

See DeSmogBlog’s post below and study here.

Fracking the Future: How Unconventional Gas Threatens Our Water, Health and Climate – Report

The United States is at the center of a high profile controversy over the threats posed by unconventional gas drilling, particularly surrounding the industry’s hydraulic fracturing (fracking) and horizontal drilling techniques. Amidst the dirty energy industry’s rush to drill the last of America’s dwindling fossil fuel reserves, a growing number of independent scientists, politicians, environmental organizations and impacted citizens are urging the nation’s lawmakers to adopt a more cautious and informed approach to the fracked gas boom.The oil and gas industry, however, is fighting back against calls for caution, suggesting that it has everything under control – much like it did prior to BP’s offshore drilling disaster in the Gulf of Mexico.

In a new report released today, “Fracking the Future: How Unconventional Gas Threatens Water, Health, and Climate,” DeSmogBlog details the concerns that scientists, cancer specialists, ecologists, investigative journalists and others have raised about the unconventional gas boom. Featuring original interviews and unpublicized reports, “Fracking The Future” delves into many of the key issues in the unconventional gas debate.

DeSmogBlog is calling for a nationwide moratorium on fracking, citing the fact that the potential impacts on water, health, and climate appear greater than previously understood. A moratorium is necessary to protect the public while fracking is studied much more thoroughly in order to determine if the risks of this practice outweigh the benefits.

Additionally, since state regulators have failed to safeguard the public from the ill effects of gas fracking, federal health and safety officials must be empowered to hold the gas industry accountable for damage to public health, drinking water and the environment.

The report traces the massive industry lobbying efforts to confuse the public and stifle long-overdue federal oversight of the unconventional gas drilling bonanza. We review the sordid history of industry favoritism by the Bush administration, typified by the infamous Halliburton Loophole, which created a recipe for recklessness that has led to air and water contamination and drilling-related accidents.  But the prioritization of industry greed above public health and safety didn’t start there.

Since the Reagan era, those charged with protecting health and the environment have instead worked with the gas industry to minimize public awareness of its practices, and to hide the early warning signs regarding the inherent dangers of drilling deeper into the Earth for fossil fuels. State agencies have been pressured to accommodate the industry’s increasingly dangerous drilling techniques, and have largely enabled the poor, unmonitored practices common in the industry today.

The gas industry is investing millions of dollars each year to restrict oversight to the state level and thwart all federal involvement. The number of gas industry lobbyists has increased seven-fold in recent years, exhibiting the dangerous political sway the dirty energy industry exercises in Washington and at the local level across the nation.

Industry front groups like Energy in Depth (EID) play a pivotal role in the dissemination of misinformation and efforts to attack and silence those who attempt to call polluters to account.

Despite EID’s claims to represent small, independent “mom and pop” gas producers, internal industry documents uncovered by DeSmogBlog reveal that the group was created with seed funding from Big Oil multinationals. When communicating with its industry friends, EID continues to repeatedly tout the funding it receives from BP, Halliburton, Shell, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil and other oil giants that certainly don’t fit the “mom and pop shop” characterization.

With international attention focused on the U.S. experience with unconventional gas, “Fracking the Future” urges a cautious approach and much greater industry transparency.  The public deserves to know the true costs of fracked unconventional gas before allowing the oil and gas industry to carry on with its pursuit of this fossil fuel.

Shut out and bought out

Pennsylvania citizens are unable to be heard during a public gas advisory board meeting, while those on the board get cozy in the Governor’s back pocket.

A week after toxic fluids from a hydraulic fracturing gas well spilled into waterways and onto farmlands in Bradford County, Pennsylvania, the state’s Marcellus Shale Advisory Commission met in Harrisburg. The hearing seemed to frustrate citizens more than it provided them an opportunity to voice their concerns.

Before the meeting began more than a hundred landowners from across the state expressed their frustration with the Commission.  One man, carrying a giant rubber stamp and using a bullhorn seemed particularly fed up. “What’s going on in the room behind us is Governor Corbett’s bought and paid for Marcellus Shale Commission. This is the group of people that will rubber stamp all the policies that Governor Corbett wants to enact,” said Nathan Sooy of Clean Water Action Pennsylvania.

This message was a constant theme from the frustrated attendees, many of whom drove several hours to be heard at the public hearing. The morning’s analysis of the role the Marcellus Shale Advisory Commission plays in Pennsylvania politics didn’t help matters either.

Of the thirty Commission members, more than a quarter of them have donated to Governor Tom Corbett’s campaign. In 2010, Corbett received $790,950 from eight of the corporations represented on the Commission and each reported between five and 174 violations that year. Chief Oil and Gas, responsible for 174 violations, donated $100,000 to Corbett’s campaign. The largest donation, $411,000, was made by East Resources, with 74 violations in 2010. Clean Water Action has the complete list.

Company 2010 Violations Corbett Conation
Atlas/Chevron

16

$54,500

Chesapeake

132

$11,000

Chief Oil and Gas

174

$100,000

CNX/Consol Energy

5

$56,750

East Resources

74

$411,000

EQT

15

$56,900

Range Resources

32

$80,000

XTO Energy/Exxon Mobile

66

$20,000

Source: Clean Water Action

With the donations report out just a week after the Bradford County spill, the frustrated crowd was eager to be heard at the commission meeting. Unfortunately, the room the 30-member commission held its hearing in was too small to accommodate many of the attendees and was closed off by police officers before the meeting and immediately after the hearing began because of fire code restrictions. When the landowners asked one police officer why a bigger room wasn’t provided for such a high profile meeting, an officer revealed that his staff had alerted the Department of Environmental Quality and the Lieutenant Governor’s office that they should have had a larger room well before the Marcellus Shale Advisory Commission meeting. Members from the crowd also said they had personally made calls to the Department of Environmental Protection days ahead of the meeting.

After being shut out of attending the public hearing in person, the landowners headed up stairs at the Rachel Carson Office Building to watch a video cast of the public hearing in an overflow room. Sensing a growing level of frustration in the building, the Commission decided to move as quickly as possible to the public comment section part of the hearing. Yet, the frustration level of the landowners only grew as the first several names called spoke with high praise for both the commission and fracking in Pennsylvania, just days after the spill in Bradford County. According to several in attendance, the order that the speakers were called in did not match the order in which people signed up to speak.  “I signed on at number five. We were directed up here on the second floor where we were told to sign in. I was number five, no other sheet had signatures on it,” said Jet Miskis who traveled several hours to be at the meeting. Dr. Conrad Volz, of the University of Pittsburgh verified this. “Certainly none of these gentleman that were testifying on this list was on the list that I signed.”

As the meeting continued the Commission did begin to call the names of individuals with concerns about fracking in their back yards and near their water supplies. Outside of the overflow room upstairs Chad Sailor, the Communications Director for the Pennsylvania Lieutenant Governor’s office, addressed the concerns surrounding both the small venue for this hearing and the order of speakers. Lt. Governor Cawley chairs the Marcellus Shale Advisory Commission.

“It was recommended that this be the space. It was recommended; we took a look at it and we decided that it was adequate space for what we needed.” Sailor said this after being asked if alternative venues could have been arranged. Sailor replied defensively saying, “what do you mean do you want a laundry list of all rooms available?” Sailor was then asked about the disputed speaking order. He first said that the list was determined by a first come first serve basis. It wasn’t until a woman corrected Sailor saying that, “what they did was they read the list that they had down stairs which were the supporters of the gas industry that they allowed in and the protesters that were outside protesting had to sign this sheet here which is why we were given second dibbs.” When Sailor sarcastically replied, “yes, everything is a big conspiracy,” the woman told the communications director that, “I didn’t say that was a conspiracy. It was the absolute truth, I was here, I signed it. I am speaking from fact.”

The Commission did end up listening to comments from all people who signed up on the various lists around the Rachel Connors Office Building. The comments expressed concerns ranging from aquifer and surface water contamination to concerns about toxic emissions released into the air. But almost all of those worried about fracking at the meeting expressed strong feelings of frustration relating to literally being shut out of the dialogue on Wednesday as well as being bought out by industry interests who control both the Marcellus Shale Advisory Commission and the governor’s office in Pennsylvania.